PC gaming is regarded as enthusiast-level, with users of this platform typically devoting more time and money to their favorite pastime. The best technology investment you can make is probably a gaming PC. A high-quality gaming system is infinitely more adaptable and has greater durability than even the most powerful streaming box and more power than a gaming console.
A gaming PC is ideal for any task, including typing documents, editing videos, and turning up the settings on the newest games. One of these systems might last five years with routine maintenance and possibly ten with regular improvements.
You need not worry if you are new to the world of gaming pc set up because I will go over everything, from component definitions and what they do in a PC to what parts you need for your build and what tools you need. This guide on how to build a gaming pc is explained in detail. Let’s dive in!
What Parts Do You Need to Build a Gaming PC?
The following is a gaming pc parts list of all the fundamental Gaming pc components that a working computer must have:
- Processor unit
- Graphics card: GPU
- RAM [Memory]
- Storage Unit
- Cooling System
- Power supply unit (PSU)
- Device for Display, Monitor
- OS: Operating System
- Input methods, keyboard, and mouse
How to build a gaming pc for beginners: Let’s examine them more closely:
The computer case is only a stylish container that houses all the PC’s parts. It features predefined locations with screws and holes to which all the other components are supposed to be placed and attached, and it can be opened and closed.
PC cases are available in various hues, sizes, fan configurations, LED lighting options, glass side panels, and other bizarre designs. A PC case is typically imagined as a black (or white) box with a few buttons on top. When you finish assembling your PC, all your components will fit into this.
Every other computer hardware will connect to the motherboard, a printed circuit board. It functions as a hub that connects and coordinates all your other Parts. The motherboard has sockets for CPUs, slots for devices like GPUs, and connectors for cables like power and data cables.
The CPU (central processing unit) powers your computer more than any other part. Your computer’s CPU transfers command from one system to another. The speed at which information is transmitted for software and hardware operations increases with processor quality.
Ensure your CPU and socket are compatible with your CPU cooler. The Motherboard and CPU Socket operate similarly. The CPU and Socket must fit the Cooler. Make sure your Cooler is consistent with the CPU you’ll acquire because different CPUs have sizes and are placed into various socket types.
Graphics Card (GPU)
The Graphics Card is the next item. Its function is to process all visual information and output it as visuals on the monitor. The integrated GPU (iGPU) and a discrete GPU are the two primary categories of GPUs.
You will need a discrete GPU if you want to take on graphics-intensive jobs like 3D GPU rendering, high-end gaming, video editing, graphic design, and many others. They are typically adequate for light work like word processing and certain modest games.
If you were to relate a computer to a brain, the short-term memory would be Random Access Memory (RAM). Data that is actively being processed by the CPU is kept in the RAM. Although RAM can read and write data very quickly, it cannot store data after the power is turned off.
RAM is inserted into RAM slots on a motherboard. On current computers, RAM is available in modules ranging from 4GB to 64GB. Naturally, having additional Modules will increase your RAM capacity.
There are three primary types of mass storage:
- NVMe SSD
They all do the same thing for you—store data. The three differ primarily in terms of speed. The slowest of the three, an HDD typically reads and saves data at a rate of roughly 100 MB/s because it still has mechanically moving elements.
An SSD can currently read and write sequential data at speeds of up to 700 MB/s, while an NVMe SSD can do so at rates of up to 500 MB/s. HDDs and SSDs are connected to the motherboard’s SATA port via a cable. Additionally, they require power, which they obtain from the PSU (Power Supply Unit; more on that later) via a power cable.
However, the NVMe SSD is connected directly to the motherboard. It is roughly the size of a stick of gum and requires no additional cords.
I have already covered a little bit on CPU cooling. Not all computer components, including the CPU, require cooling. Of course, the GPU also needs cooling, but every discrete GPU you can buy already has a cooler attached to it.
Unit Of Power Supply (PSU)
Although I have already chosen several good PC components, the PC won’t do anything without a power supply. It can be challenging to select a PSU brand because there are so many available with differing wattages or efficiency.
Knowing how much power your current PC build will require to function reliably is crucial, as is possibly knowing how much energy. You will need it in the future if you intend to add more components, such as additional/stronger GPUs or Storage Drives.
Of course, you’ll need a display device, like a monitor, to see what’s happening. There are a variety of monitor sizes, colors, resolutions, aspect ratios, and other characteristics. A 24″ or 27″ Full HD / 4K Monitor from a brand like Asus, Dell, LG, BenQ, Samsung, or another is typically a modern display.
If you’re seeking a gaming monitor, you might not require the IPS-type Panels, which have greater color display and contrast. Spend additional money on a nice monitor if you enjoy graphic design, professional color grading, or video editing. Depending on your GPU type, the Monitor is connected to the discrete GPU or the motherboard.
The most popular operating system for computers right now is Windows 10. Volume License Keys are available from numerous internet retailers and often don’t cost more than $15 per license.
A good mouse and (mechanical) keyboard are essential. You can also utilize a variety of additional input methods, including graphic tablets and pens, of course.
Tools You Need to Build a PC
How to build a gaming pc cheaply? You will, at the very least, require the following basic tools. Here is everything you need to build a PC:
Screwdriver kit: You should have at least small and medium-sized Phillips, flat screwdrivers, and a 1/4″ nut driver. Small tweezers, forceps, or needle-nosed pliers are particularly handy for picking up lost screws and removing and repositioning jumpers on motherboards.
Plastic cable: Its ties help tidy up the bundling of wires and cables away from fans and other computer components.
Anti-Static Kit: An anti-static kit includes a wrist strap that fastens to your computer or other electrical device and a rubberized mat.
Heat Sink Compound: Heat sink compound increases heat sinks’ cooling and thermal efficiency. Although it is occasionally bundled with processor fans or heat sinks, it can also buy individually. It is neatly applied to the region where the CPU and heat sink meet to increase cooling effectiveness.
Canless air duster or canned air: To remove dust from your computer’s crevices, use a canless air duster or canned air. Never use your lips to blow dust out of a computer. There is too much moisture in your breath.
Pill Bottle or Other Small Container: To hold the many screws, jumpers, and other small parts needed to assemble and configure a homebuilt computer, you’ll need a pill bottle or other small container.
How to Build a Gaming PC Step by Step?
Let’s see how to build a gaming pc from scratch and how to build a gaming pc on a budget:
1) Build Your Own Gaming PC Case
Remove the side panels to reveal the internal frame after taking the case out of the box, making sure to throw away all the wrapping in the process. You’ll see a little box or bag of screws inside; store them out since you’ll need them later for installation.
Once the motherboard is inserted, untie your cords, and place them loosely at the back of the case. Finally, depending on the form factor of your motherboard, screw in the appropriate number of standoff screws.
2) Install Fans
Remove the case fans before installing any other fans if you plan to do so. You might need to remove the front panel to access the fans at the front of your case. The front panel can be difficult to remove and frequently necessitates using quite a bit of power.
You’ll see a tiny arrow you’re installing to indicate how the air will flow. Depending on whether you want a push or pull configuration, align the hand, and fasten it in place with the included screws.
The motherboard will contain a fan header next to the rear fan for wiring the fans.
Refer to your handbook if you have problems locating the 3-5 fan headers dispersed throughout motherboards.
3) Installing the Processor
Take the motherboard out of the packing, then set it down in your workspace. Locate the CPU socket, which is often in the top-middle of the circuit board, then lift the lever until the CPU is upright. AMD and Intel boards are ready to accept the CPU when the lever is vertical.
You’ll see a small arrow in the corner of your AMD or Intel CPU and motherboard. This arrow points to where your CPU is located; therefore, you should align them. If the CPU doesn’t fit into the socket, give it a small push. Before lowering the lever, be certain the CPU is flush.
On Intel-compatible motherboards, there will be a plastic cover over the socket and a metal clasp; clip this back under the bolt. The plastic shield will burst off during installation, so don’t be alarmed if the lever seems like it has a lot of tension in it.
4) Install the Memory
If you plan to use all the RAM slots on your motherboard, align the memory stick (which can only be inserted one way) and push it in until you hear a click. Before doing this, you might need to snap back the plastic pieces at the ends of each slot.
Check your motherboard’s user manual to find out which RAM slots your RAM fits into if you won’t be using all those slots, which is rather frequent.
5) Install the CPU Cooler
Whether you selected an air cooler or an AIO liquid cooler, they might all have various mounts and installation procedures. Get out the cooler’s handbook to make the following process much simpler.
Some coolers need mounting brackets inserted from the motherboard’s back. Though the backplate is often required to be attached, some motherboards already have it fitted.
Check to determine if the cooler’s base has thermal paste applied once the bracket has been mounted or replaced and the other tiny parts needed to install the cooler are ready. You will need to use some thermal paste if you cannot see any on the cooler’s base. Thermal paste is highly crucial. Check out our simple, step-by-step instructions for applying thermal paste.
Place your cooler on top of the CPU, aligning the screw holes, if you have applied thermal paste. The stock coolers from AMD and Intel are among the easiest to install; however, if you use an aftermarket cooler, make sure to tighten the screws in a crisscross pattern.
6) Install the Motherboard
Clip your I/O shield into the case’s cutout at the back before screwing in your motherboard. The I/O shield is now installed, and the motherboard needs to be screwed in. Place the motherboard on top of the standoffs with the case. And its side so that the I/O connections protrude through the I/O shield.
Use the screws specified in your case instructions to secure the board once it has been positioned. I’ll attach your front panel and power supply wires later, so don’t worry about it just now.
7) Install Storage (SSD/HDD)
Skip this step if you simply purchased an M.2 type storage device. Examine your case and find the ideal location to attach your SSD or HDD.
Many mounting solutions are available in certain circumstances, frequently inside, directly behind the front or back panel. Where you mount your discs is not crucial, but if you want your PC build to seem as tidy as possible, keep cable management in mind when you choose a location.
For tool-free installation, certain cases allow you to clip your drive directly into the drive tray. In other situations, you will typically need to screw the storage device.
Set up your storage device after removing the tray. The SATA connectors on the device should be facing the rear panel because this is where your wires should run. Slide the tray back into the drive bay after lining everything up and tightening the screw. Although the drives may utilize the same screws as the motherboard, always refer to the case instructions.
Once everything is set up, you may connect your storage device to the motherboard by running the SATA cable in the motherboard box through the rear. Consult the motherboard user manual for the proper SATA port to hook this into and ensure sure the boot device is plugged into SATA1.
8) Install an M.2 SSD
On your motherboard, look for the tiny, horizontal M.2 slot. Once it is located, remove any screws in the board and slide the M.2 into position. As you need to screw the storage device down, it will flip slightly at a 35-degree angle. To lock the device, push the SSD down and tighten the little screw.
9) Install the Graphics Card
The motherboard’s PCIe x16 slot, find it. Depending on the other components in the slot, you can choose which one to use, but you should select the top one to leave space near the bottom.
Make sure to remove all plastic from the graphics card before installing the GPU. Next, open the expansion slots’ metal covers on the back so that you may insert your DisplayPort or HDMI cable. Some low-cost cases need you to snap these out, while these metal covers are fastened into mid-high-end issues.
Now that there is room for the GPU slide it in until you hear a click by pressing down on the retention clip on your motherboard’s PCIe slot. Once it has been properly clicked in place, tighten it.
10) Install the Power Supply
If your PSU is partially or completely modular, determine what cables you’ll need for your construction and plug-in accordingly. Everything in the PSU will typically have labeling to simplify this procedure.
Feed the cables after plugging them in so your power supply is flush with the case. If ventilation is at the bottom, position the PSU fan downward; otherwise, place it upward. The necessary screws (4X) will send with the PSU and your case; just screw them in.
11) Now That the Front Panel is Cabled Up
The front panel of your case will first connect to the motherboard via cables. The hardest part of the build is this, but that is because it is so fussy. Before beginning, ensure the front panel cords run out of the rear.
To find out where your front I/O wires should go, refer to the instructions with your motherboard. When you’ve found it, pass the cables through the closest cutout. Connect the wires according to the diagram’s instructions.
It’s time to connect your power supply cables after connecting your front panel wires for the PWR LED, HDD LED, PWR Switch, Reset Switch, USB, USB 3.0, and HD Audio.
12) Turn On the Power
Your cables should all be dangling out the back after putting on your PSU. It is time to pass these various cables into the cutout slots on the case’s front. Grab your motherboard’s instructions if you need help figuring out where to connect the various wires.
Your CPU power connector will go here if the case has a cutout towards the top of your back I/O shield. Simply insert the cable through this opening and plug it into the corresponding port on your motherboard. As soon as you hear a click, remove the extra line out the back.
The huge 24-pin power cable will now be fed through the opening closest to the CPU’s port once it gets power. Retract the extra cable length through the back after waiting for the click.
Grab your PCIe power cable and insert it through the closest cutout because your graphics card also needs electricity. Connect this to your GPU and remove any extra material from the rear panel. Finally, you’ll also need electricity for your storage devices (unless you have an M.2). Connect the excess SATA power to the back of your storage device and pull it out.
13) Install the Operating System
Once the computer has been constructed and successfully booted into BIOS, you can install the operating system. If you purchased Windows on a flash drive or downloaded the Windows installer, you will require the product key on hand.
Connect your flash drive, start the computer, and go into BIOS. You might need to modify the boot priority once in the BIOS to force your computer to boot from the USB disc containing Windows. After altering the boot order or priority, save your changes and leave. You need to see the Windows installation manual after restarting. Congratulations, you have completed the process.
You can get a lot more than you expect with a $500 PC Build. On a 1080p monitor, the $500 gaming PC configuration described in this post can run any game. It may also be upgraded to become a high-end computer beast from a good entry-level gaming PC.
Building a computer is not a challenging task. Although it could sound frightening, most of the time, it is simple and logical. If you only have a broad understanding of what you are doing, the chances of an accident are extremely low to zero.
Most games advocate using 16GB of RAM, which will significantly improve performance above 8GB. Applications can execute in the background without interfering with gameplay.